Effects of protein engineering and rational mutagenesis on crystal lattice of single chain antibody fragments.

TitleEffects of protein engineering and rational mutagenesis on crystal lattice of single chain antibody fragments.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsKalyoncu S, Hyun J, Pai JC, Johnson JL, Entzminger K, Jain A, Heaner DP, Morales IA, Truskett TM, Maynard JA, Lieberman RL
JournalProteins
Volume82
Issue9
Pagination1884-95
Date Published2014 Sep
ISSN1097-0134
Abstract

Protein crystallization is dependent upon, and sensitive to, the intermolecular contacts that assist in ordering proteins into a three-dimensional lattice. Here we used protein engineering and mutagenesis to affect the crystallization of single chain antibody fragments (scFvs) that recognize the EE epitope (EYMPME) with high affinity. These hypercrystallizable scFvs are under development to assist difficult proteins, such as membrane proteins, in forming crystals, by acting as crystallization chaperones. Guided by analyses of intermolecular crystal lattice contacts, two second-generation anti-EE scFvs were produced, which bind to proteins with installed EE tags. Surprisingly, although noncomplementarity determining region (CDR) lattice residues from the parent scFv framework remained unchanged through the processes of protein engineering and rational design, crystal lattices of the derivative scFvs differ. Comparison of energy calculations and the experimentally-determined lattice interactions for this basis set provides insight into the complexity of the forces driving crystal lattice choice and demonstrates the availability of multiple well-ordered surface features in our scFvs capable of forming versatile crystal contacts.

DOI10.1002/prot.24542
Alternate JournalProteins